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Disavow URL

TL;DR

Disavow URL refer to the quality control of the backlinks referring to a website by asking Google to not consider specific links or domains because of their low-quality or spam content. Websites can create a list of links or domains to disavow and upload them for Google to check and consider in order to maintain a proper SEO ranking.

What is a Disavow URL? 

Google allows websites to control the indexed information and to ask Google not to count certain links that refer to the website. 
The Disavow URL tool is free to use Google published the documentation on how to use the tool as well.

Why should a website use Disavow backlinks?

There are a lot of spam websites or situations that could create unnatural links to your site, that could affect the quality, ranking, and authority of the website. If these type of links pointing to the website cannot be removed from various reasons, Google allows the website owner to disavow those referring links.

Please note that this is an advanced feature and should only be used with caution; if misused, this feature can potentially harm your site's performance in Google's search results and all the SEO efforts done in the past.

    Sometimes website owners may outsource SEO experts for backlinking strategies, and they end up with spam referrals and very low-quality backlinks that will actually hurt the site, instead of helping it rank better. To see the list of URLs linking to you, check the Referral Pages within Visitor Analytics or download the data from the Links report given in the Google Console and create a list of URLs to Disavow.

    How to use Disavow backlinks?

    If there is a considerable number of spammy, artificial, or low-quality links pointing to a site, and/or the links cause manual action on the website, here's a step-by-step guide to disavow the links:

    1. Create a list of links to disavow in a text file. 
      Link file format:
      • Specify one URL or domain to disavow per line. You cannot disavow an entire subpath, such as example.com/en/
      • To disavow a domain (or subdomain) prefix it with "domain:" for example, domain:example.com
      • The file must be a text file encoded in UTF-8 or 7-bit ASCII
      • The file name must end in .txt
      • You can include comments for yourself by starting a line with a # mark. Any lines that begin with # will be ignored by Google.
    2. Upload the list of domains and/or pages. To do so, go to the Disavow URL tool page created by Google > Select your website > Click Disavow URL > Click Choose file and choose the file you just created.
    3. Done! The list will be considered by Google's spiders when they crawl and index the web and the website.