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Website Traffic

TL;DR

Website traffic refers to the amount of data sent (and received) by visitors to your website, and it is measured using multiple metrics (visitors, unique visitors, visited pages) to see the success of the website or the popularity of specific pages within the website. 

What is website traffic?

Website traffic is measured by viewing the statistics and recorded activity on the server log file or by inserting a few lines of HTML code on your website’s pages - the latter being the most common way of tracking for the website analytics services.
Website traffic represents a cluster of statistics, and it can be strategically monitored by looking at the following metrics: 

  • Visitors
  • Unique Visitors 
  • Page Visits and Top Visited pages 
  • Exit pages
  • Bounce Rate
  • The average number of page views per visitor 
  • The average time spent on the website
  • Conversions
  • Live Visitors
  • Latest Visitors
  • Starting Pages
  • Visitor Location (you can check Visitors by Country and by City as well)
  • Referrers
  • Operating systems
  • Browsers
  • Display Resolutions
  • Devices
  • Status (is it a new visitor, returning or converted?)

Of course, you can go deeper into all the metrics and check the number of visitors per hour, weekdays or months or the number of visitors using a specific OS, browser, Screen Size, and many other nichéd metrics.
The ranking of a website is influenced by your website traffic as a whole and by the website visitors behavior (how relevant is the website content for the visitor, if the visitor is engaged or bounces, and much more info related to the visitors’ activity - both within site and outside of it)

Why is website traffic important? 

Understanding analytics helps you grow your website traffic and ranking in search engines!
You can easily understand your customers’ activity on the website and have efficient communication based on their engagement. If you know the number of Visitor by Location, you can launch a promo campaign based on some visitors’ specific holiday, or based on a happening in a specific neighborhood; If you know your website traffic peak hours, you can use the information to use the perfect hour and day to publish a new post on your site.

Besides a visible growth in website traffic, you can also be more specific and limit access to the website for people in certain locations that are not in your target group (e.g., George W. Bush blocked all the users outside of the US during the re-election campaign).